iOS蓝牙

前几个月做了一个蓝牙的项目,初次接触,也查了好多资料,算是有了个大概的了解,最近又做另一个蓝牙的项目,发现还是有很多地方不是很明白,也为了防止忘记,就写下来吧!

在CBCentralManager初始化的时候,一般放在另一个线程中:

    dispatch_queue_t centralQueue = dispatch_queue_create("myCentralQueue",DISPATCH_QUEUE_SERIAL);
    _centralManager = [[CBCentralManager alloc] initWithDelegate:self queue:centralQueue];
初始化也可以使用如下的方法:

- (id)initWithDelegate:(id<CBCentralManagerDelegate>)delegate queue:(dispatch_queue_t)queue options:(NSDictionary *)options
如:

    NSDictionary *options = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:[NSNumber numberWithBool:YES],CBCentralManagerOptionShowPowerAlertKey, @"zStrapRestoreIdentifier",CBCentralManagerOptionRestoreIdentifierKey,nil];

    myCenter = [[CBCentralManager alloc] initWithDelegate:self
                                          queue:dispatch_queue_create("com.myBLEQueue", NULL)
                                          options:options];
Central Manager Initialization Options 对应的有两项:

  • CBCentralManagerOptionShowPowerAlertKey
    布尔值,表示的是在central manager初始化时,如果当前蓝牙没打开,是否弹出alert框。
  • CBCentralManagerOptionRestoreIdentifierKey
CBCentralManagerOptionRestoreIdentifierKey,字符串,一个唯一的标示符,用来蓝牙的恢复连接的。在后台的长连接中可能会用到,参考文档:

https://developer.apple.com/library/ios/documentation/NetworkingInternetWeb/Conceptual/CoreBluetooth_concepts/CoreBluetoothBackgroundProcessingForIOSApps/PerformingTasksWhileYourAppIsInTheBackground.html

就是说,如果蓝牙程序进入后台,程序会被挂起,可能由于memory pressure,程序被系统kill了,那么代理方法就不会执行了。这时候可以使用State Preservation & Restoration,这样程序会重新加载进入后台。


调试iOS蓝牙的时候,可以下个LightBlue,非常方便,网上也有仿写LightBlue的Demo,参考这两处:

https://github.com/chenee/DarkBlue

http://boxertan.github.io/blog/2014/07/07/xue-xi-ioslan-ya-ji-zhu-%2Cfang-xie-lightblue/


使用scanForPeripheralsWithServices:options: 来扫描外设:

    NSDictionary *option = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:[NSNumber numberWithBool:NO], CBCentralManagerScanOptionAllowDuplicatesKey,nil];
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>[_centralManager scanForPeripheralsWithServices:nil options:option];

options是可选的,CBCentralManagerScanOptionAllowDuplicatesKey,bool值,为NO,表示不会重复扫描已经发现的设备。


连接外设使用connectPeripheral:options: 方法,options为可选,options可以为:

  • CBConnectPeripheralOptionNotifyOnConnectionKey
  • CBConnectPeripheralOptionNotifyOnDisconnectionKey
  • CBConnectPeripheralOptionNotifyOnNotificationKey
具体的意思参考文档

    [myCenter connectPeripheral:peripheralInfo.peripheral options:@{CBConnectPeripheralOptionNotifyOnConnectionKey: @YES, CBConnectPeripheralOptionNotifyOnDisconnectionKey: @YES, CBConnectPeripheralOptionNotifyOnNotificationKey: @YES}];


在蓝牙连接的过程中,代理方法centralManagerDidUpdateState: 会判断中央设备的状态:

- (void)centralManagerDidUpdateState:(CBCentralManager *)central
{
    // Determine the state of the peripheral
    if ([central state] == CBCentralManagerStatePoweredOff) {
        NSLog(@"CoreBluetooth BLE hardware is powered off");
    }
    else if ([central state] == CBCentralManagerStatePoweredOn) {
        NSLog(@"CoreBluetooth BLE hardware is powered on and ready");
    }
    else if ([central state] == CBCentralManagerStateUnauthorized) {
        NSLog(@"CoreBluetooth BLE state is unauthorized");
    }
    else if ([central state] == CBCentralManagerStateUnknown) {
        NSLog(@"CoreBluetooth BLE state is unknown");
    }
    else if ([central state] == CBCentralManagerStateUnsupported) {
        NSLog(@"CoreBluetooth BLE hardware is unsupported on this platform");
    }

}

返现characteristic后可以读取它的值,也可以订阅它:

                    [self.peripheral readValueForCharacteristic:characteristic];
                    [self.peripheral setNotifyValue:YES forCharacteristic:characteristic];
以上两个方法都会调用代理方法:didUpdateValueForCharacteristic:error:

向外设的某个characteristic写入值,可以这样写:

- (void)writeToperipheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral Service:(NSString *)serviceUUID characteristic:(NSString *)characteristicUUID data:(NSData *)data
{
    CBUUID *servUUID = [CBUUID UUIDWithString:serviceUUID];
    CBUUID *charUUID = [CBUUID UUIDWithString:characteristicUUID];
    CBService *service = nil;
    CBCharacteristic *characteristic = nil;
    for (CBService *ser in peripheral.services) {
        if ([ser.UUID isEqual:servUUID]) {
            service = ser;
            break;
        }
    }
    if (service) {
        for (CBCharacteristic *charac in service.characteristics) {
            if ([charac.UUID isEqual:charUUID]) {
                characteristic = charac;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    if (characteristic) {
        [peripheral writeValue:data forCharacteristic:characteristic type:CBCharacteristicWriteWithResponse];
    }
    else{
        NSLog(@"not found that characteristic");
    }
}

NSData的值可以这样组织,这与你的需求有关并不一定:

char data;
data = 0x15;
NSData *d = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:&data length:1];

读取某个 characteristic的值

- (void)readPeripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral serviceUUID:(NSString *)serviceUUID characteristicUUID:(NSString *)characteristicUUID
{
    CBUUID *servUUID = [CBUUID UUIDWithString:serviceUUID];
    CBUUID *charUUID = [CBUUID UUIDWithString:characteristicUUID];
    CBService *service = nil;
    CBCharacteristic *characteristic = nil;
    for (CBService *ser in peripheral.services) {
        if ([ser.UUID isEqual:servUUID]) {
            service = ser;
            break;
        }
    }
    if (service) {
        for (CBCharacteristic *charac in service.characteristics) {
            if ([charac.UUID isEqual:charUUID]) {
                characteristic = charac;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    if (characteristic) {
        [peripheral readValueForCharacteristic:characteristic];
    }else{
        NSLog(@"----------未找到当前的characteristic");
    }
    
}

通过保存的identity来找到以前连接的设备

保存identity

    NSUUID *uuid = peripheral.identifier;
    NSString *uuidString = uuid.UUIDString;
    [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] setObject:uuidString forKey:PERIPHERAL_UUID];
    [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] synchronize];
然后通过 identity,来搜索设备:

    NSString *uuidString = [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] stringForKey:PERIPHERAL_UUID];
    NSUUID *uuid = [[NSUUID alloc] initWithUUIDString:uuidString];
    _peripheralArr = [NSMutableArray arrayWithArray: [self.centralManager retrievePeripheralsWithIdentifiers:@[uuid]]];
    for (CBPeripheral *peripheral in _peripheralArr) {
        self.peripheral = peripheral;
        [self.centralManager connectPeripheral:peripheral options:nil];
    }

通过retrieveConnectedPeripheralsWithServices:函数来检索当前连接到系统的蓝牙设备:

    NSArray *atmp = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:[CBUUID UUIDWithString:@"180A"], nil];
    NSArray *retrivedArray = [myCenter retrieveConnectedPeripheralsWithServices:atmp];
    NSLog(@"retrivedArray:\n%@",retrivedArray);

    for (CBPeripheral* peripheral in retrivedArray) {
        [self addPeripheral:peripheral advertisementData:nil  RSSI:nil];
    }

相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 程序猿惹谁了 设计师:白松林 返回首页